To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Thirty years ago, three disciplines – ethology, endocrinology, and ecology – undertook the explanation of primate social behavior. Ethological methods have since become universal in primatology, but endocrine and ecological investigations have maintained greater distance. Despite remarkable similarities in the research plans presented in influential papers in behavioral endocrinology (Beach, 1975) and socioecology (Crook et al., 1976) (see Fig. 10.1), differing methods and priorities (see Table 10.1) set these two research areas on divergent trajectories. The experimental methods of early behavioral endocrinology in which hormones were detected and characterized by their action focused attention on the evidence and mechanisms for hormonal influences on individual behavior with less attention to social context and contingencies (Worthman, 1990). Early socioecology, relying on correlations between gross categories of social system and environment, sidestepped the issue of process (Richard, 1981) while focusing attention on the group as the locus of behavioral evolution. Although these different emphases hampered the integration of endocrine and ecological perspectives, the research areas have independently converged as each has broadened its methodologies and perspectives. The causal focus and experimental approaches of behavioral endocrinology have expanded to include a more synergistic framework and observational approach, termed “socioendocrinology,” reflecting an emerging view of the individual as a social organism and new attention to the role of social processes in the regulation of hormone function (Bercovitch and Ziegler, 1990).
The old adage “you are what you eat” may be more apt than we ever could have imagined. Diet not only influences human health and development but also has shaped the evolution of our behavior and physiology. Although anthropologists traditionally have viewed culture as an intentional process obviating biological adaptation, there is good evidence that cultural practices can produce both physiological and evolutionary changes in human populations (Cohen & Armelagos, 1984; Durham, 1991). Biological responses, in turn, exert selective pressures on cultural traits (Rindos, 1989). Plant exploitation, cultivation, and consumption are good examples of these interactions. This chapter examines the influence of diet on cancer risk from an adaptive and phylogenetic perspective. It describes the growth of cancer and other chronic diseases in Western populations in relation to nutritional and other dietary constituents that directly and indirectly influence the development and function of the reproductive system. The links between diet and reproductive cancer are explained as an outcome of human reproductive strategies, adaptations of the reproductive system that coordinate reproduction with optimal nutritional conditions. Dietary practices that elevate cancer risk are related to human food preferences and underlying perceptual mechanisms that may reflect ancestral foraging strategies. These foraging and reproductive strategies are argued to be ancestral traits that humans share with other apes, reflecting our evolutionary history as frugivorous primates adapted to variable and unpredictable food resources, a heritage that molded the domestication of human crops in prehistory and that propels modern human populations toward chronic disease as our food preferences are increasingly realized.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.