A variety of opportunities to develop technological applications of quasicrystals is being considered. Several of these are discussed in this issue. A common feature of many proposed applications is that they involve surface or near-surface interactions. Information about the surface structure, composition, and chemistry is prerequisite to understanding the origin of the desirable traits of quasicrystals. For instance, basic issues of surface structure—whether quasicrystals are intrinsically rough or flat, quasicrystalline or not quasicrystalline—impact directly on our understanding of their surface thermodynamic, electronic, and chemical properties.