In today's main crystalline silicon (c-Si) applications in MOS (metal-oxide-silicon), MIS (metalinsulator-semiconductor) or SIS (Semiconductor-Insulator-Semiconductor), the growing of the oxide layer plays the main role, dictating the device performances, in particular if it has to be grown by a low temperature process. Of fundamental importance is the SiO2 interface with the c-Si. A very low defect density interface is desirable so that the number of trapping states can be reduced and the devices performance optimised.
A two step low temperature oxidation process is proposed. The process consists of growing first a layer of oxide by a wet process and then treating the grown oxide with an oxygen plasma. The oxygen ions from the plasma bombard the oxide causing compaction of the oxide and a decrease in the interface roughness and defect density.
Infrared spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements were performed on the samples to determine the oxide thickness, optical and structural properties. SIS structures were built and capacitance measurements were performed under dark and illuminated conditions from which were inferred the interface defect density and correlated with the oxide growth process.