A family with familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) inherited as an apparent autosomal dominant trait is presented. Twelve individuals (6 females; 6 males) in 4 generations were affected. The disease had its onset in the late 30's, early 40's with death by age 50. Although FAD which appears to be transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait is relatively rare, such families must be identified and carefully counselled with respect to recurrence risks for subsequent generations. In this family, there are currently 20 members of Generation IV, aged 15-37, and 9 members of Generation V, aged 1-11. The majority of these individuals appear to have a 50% risk for developing this disease.