Carbon nanotubes have previously been grown on Ni coated glass, aligned vertical to the substrate over a multi-centimeter square area1. Under vacuum, the aligned nanotubes were grown below 666° C (strain point of the best display glass) by plasma-enhanced hot filament, chemical vapor deposition. It was found, the size and alignment of the nanotubes could be varied by changing the dwell time and the thickness of the catalytic Ni layer by plasma etching. in more recent, ongoing studies, the size of carbon nanotubes is varied by changing the growth temperature and dwell time under acetylene/nitrogen atmosphere using chemical vapor deposition onto W and Ni coated Si.
Multiwall carbon nanotube films are grown using a thermally-activated chemical vapor deposition process. Thin Ni catalyst layers are sputtered onto W-coated Si(100) and reduced in a 600°C CO anneal. Nanotubes then grow at temperatures ranging from 630 - 790°C in an acetylene/nitrogen mixture.