To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Previous research demonstrates various associations between depression, cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. Differences between studies may occur as a result of different methodologies.
This work investigated the impact of using two different methods to measure depression and two different methods of analysis to establish relationships.
The work investigated the association between depression, CVD incidence (CVDI) and mortality from coronary heart disease (MCHD), smoking related conditions (MSRC), and all causes (MALL), in a major population study using depression measured from a validated scale and a depression measure derived by factor analysis, and analyses based on continuous data and grouped data.
Data from the PRIME Study (N=9,798 men) on depression and ten year CVD incidence and mortality were analysed using Cox proportional hazards models.
Using continuous data, no relationships with CVDI were found, but both measures of depression resulted in the emergence of positive associations between depression and mortality (MCHD, MSRC, MALL). Using grouped data, no associations with CVDI or MCVD were found, and associations between the measure derived from factor analysis and MSRC and MALL were also lost. Positive associations were only found between depression measured using validated items, MSRC and MALL.
These data demonstrate a possible association between depression and mortality but detecting this association is dependent on the methodology used. Different findings based on methodology present clear problems for the determination of relationships. The differences here suggest the preferential use of validated scales and suggest against over-reduction via factor analysis and grouping.
The way in which nutrition knowledge transforms into dietary behaviour and nutrient intake may vary among populations. Therefore, the goal of the study was to examine whether nutrition knowledge is associated with nutritional intake in middle-aged men who are at major risk of cardiovascular disease.
Cross-sectional population study aimed at comparing the response to a nutrition quiz with food habits and nutrient intake determined by a 3-day food record.
Men of the Urban Community of Lille (France) examined at home.
361 men aged 45–64 y, randomly selected from the electoral rolls.
Subjects were separated in a high-score (n = 59) and a low-score (n = 41) group according to their responses to the nutrition quiz. Subjects in the high-score group had better educational and higher income levels than those from the low-score group. Multivariate analysis, adjusting on educational and socio-economic levels and other confounding variables – such as age, body mass index, cigarette smoking, physical activity and energy intake underreporting – showed that subjects in the high-score group were more often consumers of olive oil (36 vs. 12%; p = 0.06), cheese (85 vs. 76%; p<0.01) or cereals (27 vs. 15%; p<0.04) and less often consumers of sunflower oil (51 vs. 68%; p<0.02) or dry vegetables (12 vs. 22%; p<0.05) than those in the low-score group. Subjects in the high-score group had lower intakes of fat (89±24 vs. 104±38 g/d; p = 0.04) and especially of monounsaturated fat of animal origin (23±9 vs. 29±13 g/d; p = 0.01) than individuals in the low-score group.
Nutrition quiz score is associated with specific patterns of food choices and nutrient intake suggesting that nutrition knowledge influences dietary behaviour in middle-aged men from Northern France.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.