The influence of body weight (BW) at slaughter and genotype on adipocyte size and number in the omental (OM), perirenal (PR), subcutaneous (SC) and intermuscular (IM) adipose tissues was studied in 168 bulls of Spain's local Asturiana, Avileña, Morucha, Parda Alpina, Pirenaica, Retinta, and Rubia Gallega cattle breeds. The young bulls were slaughtered at two BWs, 320 and 540 kg. The results obtained showed the higher amounts of lipids that accumulated between 320 and 540 kg BW (P < 0.001) to be ascribable primarily to adipose cell hypertrophy, i.e. larger adipocyte size, in the OM and PR depots (P < 0.001). In addition to hypertrophy, there was also an increase (P < 0.001) in the number of adipose cells, i.e. hyperplasia, in the SC and IM adipose depots. Significant differences were observed when comparing the different genotypes, with the Morucha, Retinta and Avileña breeds having the highest amount of adipose tissue and the largest adipocytes. The Asturiana and Rubia Gallega breeds had the lowest amount of adipose tissue and the smallest adipocytes. The Pirenaica and Parda Alpina breeds had intermediate values in between the two groups identified above. In short, the results were indicative of different lipid deposition patterns in the different breeds depending on the individual growth and maturation rates in each. Similar findings were made when comparing the different adipose tissue depots, with adipocyte hypertrophy being the main factor responsible for lipid accumulation in the OM and PR depots, as opposed to adipocyte hyperplasia in the SC and IM depots.