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In representation theory, commutative algebra and algebraic geometry, it is an important problem to understand when the triangulated category
$\mathsf{D}_{\operatorname{sg}}^{\mathbb{Z}}(R)=\text{}\underline{\mathsf{CM}}_{0}^{\mathbb{Z}}R$
admits a tilting (respectively, silting) object for a
$\mathbb{Z}$
-graded commutative Gorenstein ring
$R=\bigoplus _{i\geqslant 0}R_{i}$
. Here
$\mathsf{D}_{\operatorname{sg}}^{\mathbb{Z}}(R)$
is the singularity category, and
$\text{}\underline{\mathsf{CM}}_{0}^{\mathbb{Z}}R$
is the stable category of
$\mathbb{Z}$
-graded Cohen–Macaulay (CM)
$R$
-modules, which are locally free at all nonmaximal prime ideals of
$R$
.
In this paper, we give a complete answer to this problem in the case where
$\dim R=1$
and
$R_{0}$
is a field. We prove that
$\text{}\underline{\mathsf{CM}}_{0}^{\mathbb{Z}}R$
always admits a silting object, and that
$\text{}\underline{\mathsf{CM}}_{0}^{\mathbb{Z}}R$
admits a tilting object if and only if either
$R$
is regular or the
$a$
-invariant of
$R$
is nonnegative. Our silting/tilting object will be given explicitly. We also show that if
$R$
is reduced and nonregular, then its
$a$
-invariant is nonnegative and the above tilting object gives a full strong exceptional collection in
$\text{}\underline{\mathsf{CM}}_{0}^{\mathbb{Z}}R=\text{}\underline{\mathsf{CM}}^{\mathbb{Z}}R$
.
This paper studies the combinatorics of lattice congruences of the weak order on a finite Weyl group
$W$
, using representation theory of the corresponding preprojective algebra
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6F1}$
. Natural bijections are constructed between important objects including join-irreducible congruences, join-irreducible (respectively, meet-irreducible) elements of
$W$
, indecomposable
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}$
-rigid (respectively,
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}^{-}$
-rigid) modules and layers of
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6F1}$
. The lattice-theoretically natural labelling of the Hasse quiver by join-irreducible elements of
$W$
is shown to coincide with the algebraically natural labelling by layers of
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6F1}$
. We show that layers of
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6F1}$
are nothing but bricks (or equivalently stones, or 2-spherical modules). The forcing order on join-irreducible elements of
$W$
(arising from the study of lattice congruences) is described algebraically in terms of the doubleton extension order. We give a combinatorial description of indecomposable
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D70F}^{-}$
-rigid modules for type
$A$
and
$D$
.
We give sufficient conditions for a Frobenius category to be equivalent to the category of Gorenstein projective modules over an Iwanaga–Gorenstein ring. We then apply this result to the Frobenius category of special Cohen–Macaulay modules over a rational surface singularity, where we show that the associated stable category is triangle equivalent to the singularity category of a certain discrepant partial resolution of the given rational singularity. In particular, this produces uncountably many Iwanaga–Gorenstein rings of finite Gorenstein projective type. We also apply our method to representation theory, obtaining Auslander–Solberg and Kong type results.
The aim of this paper is to introduce
$\tau $
-tilting theory, which ‘completes’ (classical) tilting theory from the viewpoint of mutation. It is well known in tilting theory that an almost complete tilting module for any finite-dimensional algebra over a field
$k$
is a direct summand of exactly one or two tilting modules. An important property in cluster-tilting theory is that an almost complete cluster-tilting object in a 2-CY triangulated category is a direct summand of exactly two cluster-tilting objects. Reformulated for path algebras
$kQ$
, this says that an almost complete support tilting module has exactly two complements. We generalize (support) tilting modules to what we call (support)
$\tau $
-tilting modules, and show that an almost complete support
$\tau $
-tilting module has exactly two complements for any finite-dimensional algebra. For a finite-dimensional
$k$
-algebra
$\Lambda $
, we establish bijections between functorially finite torsion classes in
$ \mathsf{mod} \hspace{0.167em} \Lambda $
, support
$\tau $
-tilting modules and two-term silting complexes in
${ \mathsf{K} }^{\mathrm{b} } ( \mathsf{proj} \hspace{0.167em} \Lambda )$
. Moreover, these objects correspond bijectively to cluster-tilting objects in
$ \mathcal{C} $
if
$\Lambda $
is a 2-CY tilted algebra associated with a 2-CY triangulated category
$ \mathcal{C} $
. As an application, we show that the property of having two complements holds also for two-term silting complexes in
${ \mathsf{K} }^{\mathrm{b} } ( \mathsf{proj} \hspace{0.167em} \Lambda )$
.
We study the homotopy category of unbounded complexes with bounded homologies and its quotient category by the homotopy category of bounded complexes. In the case of the homotopy category of finitely generated projective modules over an Iwanaga-Gorenstein ring, we show the existence of a new structure in the above quotient category, which we call a triangle of recollements. Moreover, we show that this quotient category is triangle equivalent to the stable module category of Cohen-Macaulay T2(R)-modules.
We study quivers with potential (QPs) whose Jacobian algebras are finite-dimensional selfinjective. They are an analogue of the ‘good QPs’ studied by Bocklandt whose Jacobian algebras are 3-Calabi–Yau. We show that 2-representation-finite algebras are truncated Jacobian algebras of selfinjective QPs, which are factor algebras of Jacobian algebras by certain sets of arrows called cuts. We show that selfinjectivity of QPs is preserved under iterated mutation with respect to orbits of the Nakayama permutation. We give a sufficient condition for all truncated Jacobian algebras of a fixed QP to be derived equivalent. We introduce planar QPs which provide us with a rich source of selfinjective QPs.
The unrestricted T-system is a family of relations in the Grothendieck ring of the category of the finite-dimensional modules of Yangian or quantum affine algebra associated with a complex simple Lie algebra. The unrestricted T-system admits a reduction called the restricted T-system. In this paper we formulate the periodicity conjecture for the restricted T-systems, which is the counterpart of the known and partially proved periodicity conjecture for the restricted Y-systems. Then, we partially prove the conjecture by various methods: the cluster algebra and cluster category method for the simply laced case, the determinant method for types A and C, and the direct method for types A, D, and B (level 2).
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