Similar to the situation in many other cultures of Asia, in Japan dance and music have always been closely related. If one looks at the history of Japanese music, many genres of music such as gagaku and noh accompany dance. Research in dance, however, has not kept pace with research in music, and it is only recently that studies of dance began to be recognised as an academic discipline. The learned society for dance research, buyō gakkai was founded only in 1976, while the society for research in Asiatic music was established in 1936 and the musicological society of Japan in 1952. Many universities offer degrees (B.A., M.A., and Ph.D.) in musicology and ethnomusicology, but only a few universities, such as Ochanomizu University,2 offer degrees in dance or the study of dance. The faculties of education of some universities3 offer dance classes as a part of physical education.