We speak of rigidity, if partial information about the prime decomposition in an extension of number fields K¦k determines the decomposition law completely (and hence the zeta function ζK), or even fixes the field K itself. Several concepts of rigidity, depending on the degree of information we start from, are introduced and studied. The strongest concept (absolute rigidity) was only known to hold for the ground field and all quadratic extensions. Here a complete list of all Galois quartic extensions which are absolutely rigid is given. For the weaker concept of rigidity, all rigid situations among the fields of degree up to 8 are determined.