Psychosocial aspects of treatment have become increasingly important with the changes in psychiatric practice away from the hospital to the community. Effective psychosocial interventions and high staff morale are likely to be the key to the success of a community-based mental health service. There is a growing expectation that all psychiatrists should have a basic knowledge of therapeutic approaches in order to take a leading role in the multi-disciplinary team. They should be able to assess patients for a range of psychological and psychotherapeutic treatments. This role is vital as the matching of the patient's needs with the appropriate treatment is the key to a successful outcome.