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Foot and ankle examination begins with the patient standing. Then ask the patient to walk, observing the gait and the three rockers. If the diagnosis is pes planus or pes cavus, the relevant tests can be done at this point of the examination, a single leg tiptoe test or the Coleman block test, respectively. Inspection is then completed by asking the patient to sit and inspect the sole of the foot, between the toes and the shoes. Movements are performed in the joints from proximal to distal or distal to proximal, depending on the underlying pathology.
The chapter looks at a wide variety of pathology and the clinical examination findings related to these cases.
Orthopaedic Examination Techniques comprehensively covers the basic examination skills and key special tests needed to evaluate the adult and paediatric musculoskeletal system. Chapters are presented in a clear and logical way to allow readers to understand then master the techniques of orthopaedic clinical examination. Written by a diverse group of chapter authors with extensive experience in teaching clinical examination and who use a uniform system that is taught on national courses, every aspect of musculoskeletal examination is covered in the adult and paediatric patient. Numerous illustrations and new clinical photographs help readers to visualise and understand the key techniques, and five new chapters at the end of the book demonstrate the value of clinical examination through more than 80 clinical case examples. Easy-to-follow throughout, this book is invaluable reading for trainee orthopaedic surgeons, especially those preparing for the FRCS (Tr&Orth) postgraduate examination, practising orthopaedic surgeons, medical students, physiotherapists, and rheumatologists.
The first edition of this book has become essential reading for those preparing for postgraduate examinations in orthopaedics. Medical students and junior trainees had their own books to use. This is surprising as the same process of examination is used by all groups, the only differences being that the senior trainee should look more polished and should know more special tests. It was this realization that prompted us to come together with our many years’ experience of teaching clinical examination and to rewrite every chapter in a format that was uniform in style and in a sequence that could be used in examination situations or in clinical practice by all. Quick revision will become easier as each chapter ends with a summary of the examination technique. Another unique addition is that the illustrations also follow a sequence for quick visual revision. These illustrations are supplemented by numerous new clinical photographs. It is our hope that we have made this book even more user-friendly and an essential companion through your career in clinical practice.
Examination Techniques in Orthopaedics comprehensively covers the basic examination skills and important special tests needed to evaluate the adult and paediatric musculoskeletal system. Chapters are presented in an easy-to-read, memorable format, helping readers develop their own detailed framework for patient examination as well as promoting exam success. For this new edition, all of the chapters have been rewritten in a uniform style and a chapter on general principles has been added. Each chapter is illustrated by clinical photographs and photographs demonstrating the techniques on models, and includes a summary of techniques, which readers will find useful in exam preparation. The contributing authors are experienced in teaching clinical examination both in the hospital setting and on national courses, and furthermore, many are examiners with firsthand awareness of what candidates need to know. Invaluable reading for those taking undergraduate and postgraduate examinations, practising orthopaedic surgeons, physiotherapists, general practitioners, medical students and rheumatologists.