The surface layer of A319 alloy was refined by selective remelting using laser energy. Instrumented indentation technique was used to measure hardness (H) and elastic modulus (E) of the laser-melted layer. Berkovich tip was used to indent the material for 100-nm, 200-nm, 500-nm, and 1000-nm depths. The H and the E were found to be 1.22 GPa and 78.2 GPa, respectively, for 1000-nm indentation depths. The variances associated with H and E were minimal, whereas, the same for substrate possessed significant scattering. Also, H and E increased with decreasing depth of indentation. Closer examination suggested that when the heterogeneity in the material was in the scale of indentation depth, significant scattering took place and the hard phase Si influenced the average hardness. However, the influence of indentation depth on elastic modulus was not statistically significant.