We study a rough differential equation driven by fractional Brownian motion with Hurst parameter
. Under Hörmander’s condition on the coefficient vector fields, the solution has a smooth density for each fixed time. Using Watanabe’s distributional Malliavin calculus, we obtain a short time full asymptotic expansion of the density under quite natural assumptions. Our main result can be regarded as a “fractional version” of Ben Arous’ famous work on the off-diagonal asymptotics.