In this paper we shall be mainly concerned with the following three apparently widely differing questions.
(a) What are the possible group topologies on an Abelian group that have a given, fixed continuous character group?
In developing our theory, we are very strongly motivated by the duality theory of linear topological spaces and in particular by Mackey's theorem of that theory. This important result gives a complete characterization of all locally convex topologies on a linear space that have a given, fixed, separating dual space. The analogue of Mackey's theorem for groups, together with related results, is examined in sections 1 and 2 of part 2 of the paper.
(b) What are the properties of topological groups that are denumerable inductive limits of locally compact groups? (See section 1 of part 1 of the paper for definitions.)
Our aim here is to extend results known for locally compact groups to this larger class of groups. The topological study of these groups is carried out in section 3 of part 1 of the paper and the really deep results about their characters are proved in section 5 of part 3 of the paper, as applications of the theory developed in that part of the paper, which is a type of harmonic analysis for these groups.
(c) What are the properties of certain algebras of measures of a locally compact group G, that strictly contain L1(G), and share most of the pleasing properties of L1(G), that is, they do not have any of the pathological features of the full measure algebra M(G) such as the Wiener–Pitt phenomenon or asymmetry?