To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Maternal food restriction is known to cause developmental hypertension in offspring. We have previously shown that maternal high-protein diet can reverse fetal programming of hypertension and that branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) concentrations in maternal and fetal plasma were increased by maternal high-protein intake. Then, we hypothesized that isocaloric supplementation with BCAA to a maternal food restriction can reverse the adverse outcome. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups at 7.5 days postcoitum: normally nourished (NN) and 70% undernourished (UN) groups with and without BCAA supplementation (NN–standard diet (SD), NN–BCAA, UN–SD and UN–BCAA groups). Compared with pups in the NN groups, those in the UN–SD group had significantly increased systolic blood pressure (SBP) at 8 and 16 weeks of age (P < 0.05). However, the elevation of SBP was not observed in offspring in the UN–BCAA group. Offspring glomeruli number of the UN groups was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than that of the NN groups, independent of BCAA supplementation. Angiotensin II receptor type 2 (ATR2) mRNA and protein expression in the kidney was significantly augmented in the UN–BCAA group at 30 weeks of age. In conclusion, BCAA supplementation during maternal food restriction prevents developmental hypertension together with increased ATR2 expression in adult offspring kidney.
A new magneto-optical (MO) imaging system for high-throughput characterization of combinatorial magnetic thin films has been developed. The instrument allows us to measure both Faraday rotation and ellipticity maps at various wavelengths (400 nm∼1000 nm), different magnetic fields (0∼2000 G), and different temperatures (12 K∼300 K) for wide variety of materials. We used the magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) modulation technique to map MO properties, relatively free from substrate effects. The superiority of this system is that magnetic hysteresis curves of numerous specimens with different compositions prepared by the combinatorial technique can be simultaneously measured at one sweep of magnetic field, providing an efficient characterization method for combinatorial magnetic materials. We also confirmed that the system possesses enough spatial resolution and sensitivity for detecting MO signals of individual pixels contained in a combinatorial library.
The Collaboration of Australia and Nippon for a GAmma Ray Observatory in the Outback operates two large telescopes at Woomera (South Australia), which detect the Čerenkov light images produced in the atmosphere by electronpositron cascades initiated by very high energy (~1 TeV or 1012 eV) gamma rays. These gamma rays arise from a different mechanism than at EGRET energies: inverse Compton (IC) emission from relativistic electrons.
The spoke-like images are recorded by a multi-pixel camera which facilitates the rejection of the large numbers of oblique and ragged cosmic ray images. A field of view ~3.5° is required. The Australian team operates a triple 4 m diameter mirror telescope, BIGRAT, with a 37 photomultiplier tube camera and energy threshold 600 GeV. The Japanese operate a single, highly accurate 3.8 m diameter f/1 telescope and high resolution 256 photomultipler tube camera. In 1998 a new 7 m telescope is planned for Woomera with a design threshold ~;200GeV.
One-dimensional self-gravitating many-body systems consist of N identical parallel sheets which have uniform mass density m and infinite in extent in the (y, z) plane. We call the sheets particles in this paper. The particles are free to move along x axis and accelerate as a result of their mutual gravitational attraction. The Hamiltonian of this system has a form of
where m, vi, and xi are the mass (surface density), velocity, and position of ith particle respectively.
The localized density of states (LDOS) at interfaces between intrinsic silicon and silicon nitride (Si3N4 films are studied using transient voltage spectroscopy (TVS). In the TVS technique, the transient of the voltage across a MIS-diode after a trap filling voltage pulse is measured using a high-impedance voltage probe. This allows us to make a precise measurement of the LDOS at undoped Si/insulator interfaces. The LDOS in a-Si:H/Si3N4systems has a broad peak around the energy of 0.9 eV below the conduction-band edge. A modification of the LDOS at a-Si:H/Si3N4 interfaces by bias-annealing is clearly observed using this technique. The results are consistent with the defect pool model. The LDOS in laser annealed poly-Si/Si3N4 systems has a peak centered 0.6eV below the conduction-band edge, which seems to be the Si dangling bond states in the poly-Si films.
This paper has made an overview on elastic and structural aspects of three distinct superlattices under hydrostatic pressure up to about 8GPa, which were studied by our unique x-ray diffraction technique incorporated with a diamond-anvil cell. They are metallic fcc/fcc Au/Ni, bcc/fcc Mo/Ni, and semiconductive epitaxially-grown PbSe/SnSe superlattices. In their layer-stacking direction, both metallic superlattices show the supermodulus behavior while the semiconductive one doesn't. However, its pressure-driven cubic-to-orthorhombic phase transition, successively taking place in the SnSe and PbSe layers, has been found to significantly shift by stress due to its epitaxial growth.
Low temperature, 600°C annealing of LPCVD films was investigated by x-ray diffraction, ESR, TEM, and carrier mobility measurements. An optimum deposition temperature of about 550°C was found to yield good crystallinity and large electron mobility for annealed films; large grain sizes, a maximum crystallite size, and a maximum electron spin density were also observed for films deposited at the optimum temperature. Electron spin density for as-deposited films correlated with the crystalline volume by x-ray diffraction measurements on the films after annealing. This implys that only those amorphous components with high electron spin density can be converted into the crystalline phase by 600°C annealing.
The synaptic organization of the motor nucleus of the trigeminal nerve in the cat was examined electron microscopically after labelling the motoneurons or the axon terminals on the motoneurons by retrograde or anterograde axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP).
The experiments were carried out on young adult cats (1. 5 to 3. 0 kg) anesthetized with intraperitoneal Nembutal (35 mg/kg). For labelling the motoneurons, 2% solution of HRP (Toyobo Grade-I-C, RZ: 3. 4) dissolved in sterile 0. 9% saline was injected within the muscle belly of the temporal, masseter or anterior digastric muscle with a fine caliber intradermic needle attached to a syringe. For labelling axon terminals of the commissural fibers arising contralaterally from the commissural interneurons around the trigeminal motor nucleus, a single injection of 0. 05 μ l of 50% HRP dissolved in 2% dimethylsulfoxide or in sterile 0. 9% saline was performed stereotaxically within the trigeminal motor nucleus and its adjacent regions.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.