To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We observed a bright H II complex, Hubble V in NGC 6822, using the high-resolution near-infrared spectrograph IGRINS (R = 45,000) attached on the 2.7 m telescope at the McDonald Observatory. We carried out a spectral mapping over a 15″ × 18″ region in the H and K bands using a slit-scanning technique. The emission lines Brγ and He i from ionized regions as well as molecular hydrogen lines from photo-dissociation regions (PDRs), were detected. We show three-dimensional maps of the emission lines and discuss the possibility of an expanding hot bubble structure within which many ionized components are around the central stellar cluster.
Africa is experiencing a rapid increase in adult obesity and associated cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs). The H3Africa AWI-Gen Collaborative Centre was established to examine genomic and environmental factors that influence body composition, body fat distribution and CMD risk, with the aim to provide insights towards effective treatment and intervention strategies. It provides a research platform of over 10 500 participants, 40–60 years old, from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa. Following a process that involved community engagement, training of project staff and participant informed consent, participants were administered detailed questionnaires, anthropometric measurements were taken and biospecimens collected. This generated a wealth of demographic, health history, environmental, behavioural and biomarker data. The H3Africa SNP array will be used for genome-wide association studies. AWI-Gen is building capacity to perform large epidemiological, genomic and epigenomic studies across several African counties and strives to become a valuable resource for research collaborations in Africa.
Linked administrative population data were used to estimate the burden of childhood respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization in an Australian cohort aged <5 years. RSV-coded hospitalizations data were extracted for all children aged <5 years born in New South Wales (NSW), Australia between 2001 and 2010. Incidence was calculated as the total number of new episodes of RSV hospitalization divided by the child-years at risk. Mean cost per episode of RSV hospitalization was estimated using public hospital cost weights. The cohort comprised of 870 314 children. The population-based incidence/1000 child-years of RSV hospitalization for children aged <5 years was 4·9 with a rate of 25·6 in children aged <3 months. The incidence of RSV hospitalization (per 1000 child-years) was 11·0 for Indigenous children, 81·5 for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), 10·2 for preterm children with gestational age (GA) 32–36 weeks, 27·0 for children with GA 28–31 weeks, 39·0 for children with GA <28 weeks and 6·7 for term children with low birthweight. RSV hospitalization was associated with an average annual cost of more than AUD 9 million in NSW. RSV was associated with a substantial burden of childhood hospitalization specifically in children aged <3 months and in Indigenous children and children born preterm or with BPD.
The incidence of invasive infections due to Neisseria meningitidis in Israel is about 1/100 000 population annually. Three cases of meningococcal meningitis were reported in employees at a single plant; the first case appeared in March 2013 and the second and third cases appeared in December, almost 9 months later. N. meningitidis serogroup B was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid samples. Multilocus sequence typing assigned the three meningococcal isolates to ST10418, a new sequence type and a member of the ST32 clonal complex. The clonality was confirmed by performance of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Post-exposure antibiotic prophylaxis was administered to close contacts of the first case. Upon the diagnosis of the additional two cases, post-exposure prophylaxis was administered to all the plant employees. This report demonstrates the importance of combining public health measures and advanced laboratory studies to confirm clonality and to prevent further disease spread in a closed setting.
As the nations of the world consider alternative international climate policy architectures for the post-2012 period, tradable permit systems are emerging as a preferred domestic instrument for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The two most significant institutions for reducing GHG emissions implemented to date—the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)—are tradable permit systems. Furthermore, tradable permit systems are being considered as the primary policy instrument for reducing GHG emissions in Australia, Canada, Japan, and the United States, among other countries.
Due to the increasingly likely prospect of a world with multiple tradable permit systems, attention has focused on how and whether to link these systems. Linking occurs when regulated entities in one tradable permit system are allowed to use emission allowances or emission reduction credits from another system to meet their domestic compliance obligations. These entities can then take advantage of cost savings from international trade: just as allowance trading within a tradable permit system allows higher-cost emission reductions to be replaced by lower-cost reductions within that system, trading across systems allows higher-cost reductions to be replaced by lower-cost reductions from a different system. These cost savings create significant incentives for regulatory authorities to link tradable permit systems.
Despite the benefits of linkage, there are also legitimate concerns about the implications of some linkages. These concerns depend, in part, on the type of linkage involved. One concern is that directly linking two cap-and-trade systems will result in the complete and automatic propagation of cost-containment measures from one system to the other.
Gas in galaxy clusters requires re-heating. We study the re-heating of the cool gas phases. Ionized and molecular gas is traced out to 20 kpc and found to be strongly coupled. The observed line emission may in part be explained by excitation due to hot, young stars.
Far ultraviolet (FUV) emission is observed in the central regions of cool-core clusters with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). It is traced out to 20 kpc from the nuclei of the brightest cluster galaxies and found to be distributed in clumps and filaments, as shown in Figure 1. The FUV emission matches the global structure of the ionized gas nebulae. If produced by stars, this emission can account for the ionization but not the temperature of the gas (Voit & Donahue 1997; Oonk et al. in preparation).
BOOMERanG has recently resolved structures on the last scattering surface at redshift ˜ 1100 with high signal to noise ratio. We review the technical advances which made this possible, and we focus on the current results for maps and power spectra, with special attention to the determination of the total mass-energy density in the Universe and of other cosmological parameters.
In the 1998-99 flight, BOOMERanG has produced maps of ∼4% of the sky at high Galactic latitudes, at frequencies of 90, 150, 240 and 410 GHz, with resolution ≳ 10'. The faint structure of the Cosmic Microwave Background at horizon and sub-horizon scales is evident in these maps. These maps compare well to the maps recently obtained at lower frequencies by the WMAP experiment. Here we compare the amplitude and morphology of the structures observed in the two sets of maps. We also outline the polarization sensitive version of BOOMERanG, which was flown early this year to measure the linear polarization of the microwave sky at 150, 240 and 350 GHz.
The sorption of organic penetrants is found to be sensitive to thermal
annealing conditions in a series of glassy, nematic, thermotropic, random
copolyesters. Controlled thermal annealing of two polymers in this series
permitted a systematic variation of chain packing and, presumably, higher
order molecular suprastructure, ranging from a disordered amorphous
morphology to More ordered nematic liquid crystalline and semi-crystalline
morphologies. The development of liquid crystalline order appears to reduce
or preclude small molecule solubility in nematically ordered forms of these
In determining the parameters of structure and function in the group of patients designated as schizophrenic, increasing stress has been laid on endocrinal function. A great deal of work is being done to clarify adrenocortical function. We are about to begin similar studies in respect to thyroid responsivity, using radioactive iodine as an indicator. The present report deals with a third aspect of the endocrine system.
The present study was undertaken to relate testicular changes such as those reported by Hemphill, Reiss and Taylor to adrenocortical and thyroid responsivity.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.