Prenatal hypoxia (PH) has negative consequences on the cardiovascular system in adulthood and can affect the responses to additional insults later in life. We explored the effects of PH imposed during embryonic day 20 (10.5% O2 for 12 h) on circadian rhythms of systolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in mature male rat offspring measured by telemetry. We evaluated: (1) stability of BP and HR changes after PH; (2) circadian variability of BP and HR after 2 and 5 weeks of exposure to artificial light at night (ALAN; 1–2 lx); and (3) response of BP and HR to norepinephrine. PH increased BP in the dark (134 ± 2 mmHg vs. control 127 ± 2 mmHg; p = 0.05) and marginally in the light (125 ± 1 mmHg vs. control 120 ± 2 mmHg) phase of the day but not HR. The effect of PH was highly repeatable between 21- and 27-week-old PH male offspring. Two weeks of ALAN decreased the circadian variability of HR (p < 0.05) and BP more in control than PH rats. After 5 weeks of ALAN, the circadian variability of HR and BP were damped compared to LD and did not differ between control and PH rats (p < 0.05). Responses of BP and HR to norepinephrine did not differ between control and PH rats. Hypoxia at the end of the embryonic period increases BP and affects the functioning of the cardiovascular system in mature male offspring. ALAN in adulthood decreased the circadian variability of cardiovascular parameters, more in control than PH rats.