Fertilisation and development of dysmorphic human oocytes recovered from hyperstimulated ovaries have been evaluated following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for treatment of male infertility. A total of 2968 oocytes at metaphase II of meiosis were injected, of which 806 (27.2%) were dysmorphic at the light microscopic level. Cytoplasmic abnormalities included granularity, areas of necrosis, organelle clustering, vacuoles, and accumulating saccules of smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Anomalies of the first polar body and zona pellucida, as well as non-spherical shapes of oocytes, were also noted. Contrary to previous findings linking some dysmorphisms to non-assisted fertilisation failure, in this study no single abnormality led to a reduction in the fertilisation rate, nor was fertilisation compromised in oocytes with multiple abnormalities. The incidence of normal fertilisation (two pronuclei and two polar bodies) was 69% in both the dysmorphic and non-dysmorphic oocytes. While overall pregnancy and implantation results were not altered in the group of patients (n = 242) in whom at least one dysmorphic oocyte was injected, exclusive replacement of embryos which originated from dysmorphic oocytes led to a higher incidence of early pregnancy loss. It is concluded that aberrations in the morphology of human oocytes – most probably a product of controlled ovarian stimulation – are of little or no consequence to fertilisation or early cleavage after ICSI. It is possible, however, that these embryos have a reduced potential for implantation and further development.