To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
The perioperative pain management for craniotomies can be extremely challenging. This chapter presents a common clinical scenario and offers options for perioperative pain management. It presents a case study of a 52-year-old female American Society of Anesthesiologists class 3 patient presented for clipping of a cerebral aneurysm. The case described is a common example of the complexity frequently associated with neurosurgical patients. The combined regimen provided for analgesia and hemodynamic control, while allowing for an adequate neurologic examination. In addition, opioids were limited, thereby decreasing the risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Opioids are a key component of intraoperative and postoperative pain management for craniotomies. Morphine can cause histamine release, which can lead to venodilation and subsequent hypotension. A combination of intravenous analgesics and regional anesthesia can provide excellent pain relief and decrease the wide hemodynamic changes that can accompany anesthesia and surgery.