To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Anatomically, each thalamus lies rostral to the brainstem, lateral to the third ventricle, and medial to the internal capsule. As most blood to the thalamus arrives from the tip of the basilar artery and the proximal portions of the posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs), thalamic lesions may be associated with simultaneous lesions in the midbrain or in the distal territory of the PCA. Microangiopathy is the cause of most lateral thalamic infarcts although embolic sources are occasionally found. Large thalamic hemorrhages involve more nuclei and tracts, with or without ventricular extension, resulting in overlapping clinical syndromes. Common features seen in patients with thalamic hemorrhages include rapid onset of symptoms, inconstant impairment of consciousness even in large size hematomas, and a relatively good prognosis as compared with that for hemorrhages in the pons and basal ganglia. Venous thrombosis of the deep cerebral venous system usually leads to bilateral thalamic edema.