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Investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and intake of
sugars and fat in New Zealand adults and children.
Secondary analyses of National Nutrition Survey (1997) and
Children’s Nutrition Survey (2002) data for the New Zealand
population. BMI calculated from height and weight; fat, sugars and sucrose
(used as a surrogate for added sugars) intakes estimated from 24-hour diet
recall. Ethnic-specific analyses of children’s data.
Relationships (using linear regression) between BMI and sugars/sucrose
intakes; per cent total energy from fat; mean total energy intake from
sucrose. Subjects classified into diet-type groups by levels of intake of
fat and sucrose; relative proportions of overweight/obese children in each
group compared with that of normal weight subjects using design-adjusted
New Zealand homes and schools.
4379 adults (15+ years); 3049 children (5–14 years).
Sugars (but not sucrose) intake was significantly lower among obese compared
to normal weight children. In adults and children, those with the lowest
intake of sugars from foods were significantly more likely to be
overweight/obese. Sucrose came predominantly from beverages; in children,
45% of this was from powdered drinks. Sucrose intake from sugary beverages
was not related to BMI. Per cent total energy (%E) from sucrose was
significantly inversely related to %E from fat among adults and children.
Proportions of overweight/obese adults or children in each diet-type group
did not differ from that of normal weight individuals.
Current sugars or sucrose intake is not associated with body weight status in
the New Zealand population.
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