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We report a facile way to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) Ni–TiO2 core–shell nanowire arrays through anodic aluminum oxide template-assisted sol–gel TiO2 nanotube shell growth followed by Ni core using room temperature constant current electrodeposition. The 3D Ni–TiO2 nanowire-based dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) endows a 67% increase in conversion efficiency as compared with the TiO2 nanotube DSSC and maximum conversion efficiency of 5.07% was obtained by surface treating the photoanode with TiCl4, which provides enhanced light scattering and surface passivation. Indeed, this work paves the way to build reliable 3D Ni–TiO2 nanostructured photoanodes for highly efficient DSSCs.
TiO2 nanoparticles with embedded magnetite were suspended in aqueous HAuCl4 and ultraviolet irradiated to photodeposit gold on the surface. The degree of gold coating and the wavelength of absorbance could be controlled by adjusting [HAuCl4]. Absorbance maxima were between 540-590 nm. Particles exhibited superparamagnetic properties (blocking temperature ∼170 K) whether or not coated with gold. These particles have potential applications as drug delivery agents, magnetic imaging contrast agents, and magnetically separatable photocatalysts with unique surface properties.
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