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We prepared REBa2Cu3O7- δ (RE= Gd, Sm, Dy, Er, Y) coated conductors on pulsed laser deposition (PLD) -CeO2/ion-beam assisted deposition (IBAD) – Gd2Zr2O7 (GZO) / metal tapes by the PLD method and measured the characteristics in magnetic fields. The GdBa2Cu3O7- σ (Gd-123) films showed superior characteristics than others in magnetic fields and showed weak anisotropy. Critical current density (Jc) value of the Gd-123 film was 3.87MA/cm2 at self-field and 0.19MA/cm2 at 3 T of perpendicular field to the tape surface in liquid nitrogen (77 K). Angular dependences in magnetic fields (Jc -Θ) of the Gd-123 and the SmBa2Cu3O7- σ (Sm-123) were superior to others and peaks in Jc -Θ were found also at 0 degree. The reduction ratios of Jc in Jc -Θ for the Gd-123 film and the Sm-123 film were smaller than other films. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the Gd-123 film had many stacking faults. It may be considered that this stacking faults naturally introduced by the PLD method contribute to improvement of anisotropy of Jc -Θ in the Gd-123 film.
We have investigated the thickness dependence of critical current for YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) film with artificial pinning centers on metallic substrate. Artificial pinning centers were introduced by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) using YBCO target including YSZ particles. The film over 1 μm in thickness exhibited with high critical current (Ic) of 40.7A in applied magnetic field of 3T parallel to the c-axis at 77K. This value was 5 times as high as the normal YBCO film without artificial pinning centers. The large Ic enabled us to approach to a practical application in the near future. Furthermore, it was clarified that the columnar nano-structure formed in the film, we call “the bamboo structure”, was a dominant pinning center because each Jc-θ curve of all thick films formed a universal line by the normalization of Jc. In addition, it was also found that YSZ addition has an optimal concentration for pinning by the study of YSZ concentration in the film.
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