ZnO nanowires with strong green emission synthesized by chemical vapor deposition were treated using hydrogen plasma. The effect of hydrogen plasma treatment was studied by means of photoluminescence and photoconductivity. A strong passivation of the green emission and a significant enhancement of the near band edge emission were found after the hydrogen plasma treatment. The conductivity of the nanowires in dark was increased by more than 3 orders of magnitude. The photoconductivity also increased after the hydrogen plasma treatment. The observed changes in the luminescence and photoconductive properties of the ZnO nanowires were likely caused by hydrogen atoms occupying both oxygen vacancies and interstitial sites.