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Cardiac dysfunction commonly occurs in congenital heart block associated with maternal anti-SSA antibodies, especially after pacemaker implantation. We report the case of a 4-year-old girl with antibody-associated congenital heart block and a large secundum atrial septal defect who presented with significant cardiac dysfunction 4 years after pacemaker implantation. Histological findings were useful for determining the course of treatment and perioperative risk of intracardiac repair.
There are a few reports of successful replacement of the left-sided systemic tricuspid valve with a mechanical valve in small infants with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries having Ebstein’s anomaly. Tricuspid valve replacement is the preferred option when pulmonary artery banding, performed as a prelude to performing the double-switch operation, is not feasible because of severe heart failure caused by tricuspid regurgitation.
A combined procedure of a bilateral bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt and a central aortopulmonaiy shunt was performed on an 18-year-old boy with pulmonary atresia. Arterial oxygen saturation was elevated after the combined shunt, whereas the ventricular stroke work was reduced. Such a combined shunt is a useful alternative prior procedure which does not produce ventricular overload in older or higher-risk candidates for the Fontan procedure.
I-cell disease is a rare, hereditary, and fatal disease, which is often complicated with disease of the cardiac valves. We have experienced a case of severe mitral valvar insufficiency in a 9-month-old male infant with I-cell disease. Mitral valvoplasty was difficult, because the leaflets were remarkably hypertrophic, and the tendinous cords were elongated and adherent. Despite these difficulties, surgery proved effective in the treatment of the congestive heart failure, allowing for further treatment of the I-cell disease.
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