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An anomalous enhancement of the resonance line of Ga II at 1414.44 Å is observed in IUE spectra of the silicon star HD 25823. High-resolution spectrum of this star is compared to synthetic spectra calculated in the range 1406–1422 Å. The LTE abundance of gallium is evaluated to log NGa = 6.3 ± 0.5 in the scale where log NH = 12.
From the rotational variation of UV resonance lines of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, we study the irregular distribution of these elements upon the surface of two magnetic Ap stars: HD 18296 (21 Per) and HD 25823 (41 Tau).
We summarize the newly available results which improve both the accuracy and the completeness of atomic data to be used for analysis and modelization of A stars. A major progress is obtained from the large amount of theoretical work that has been performed through the recent revision of stellar opacities. Extensive lists of accurate line data are available and we present their general characteristics. Detailed photoionization cross-sections are now available for many initial states of different atomic ions. They currently show deep resonance structures and strongly depart from the hydrogenic shapes which were often assumed. Their importance is illustrated by the example of the Si II ultra-violet features. Further implications about computation of radiative forces are pointed out.
On the basis of lUE data, the specific absorption features in the spectra of Ap-Si Stars are displayed in the 1250–1850 Å range and identified when possible. The contribution of the Si II multiplets is calculated in LTE for a typical overabundance × 102 of silicon. It accounts for only a small part of the observed absorption. Common unidentified structures, smaller than the 1400 Å depression are pointed out.
The strength of the association between intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired nosocomial infections (NIs) and mortality might differ according to the methodological approach taken.
TO assess the association between ICU-acquired NIs and mortality using the concept of population-attributable fraction (PAF) for patient deaths caused by ICU-acquired NIs in a large cohort of critically ill patients.
Eleven ICUs of a French university hospital.
We analyzed surveillance data on ICU-acquired NIs collected prospectively during the period from 1995 through 2003. The primary outcome was mortality from ICU-acquired NI stratified by site of infection. A matched-pair, case-control study was performed. Each patient who died before ICU discharge was defined as a case patient, and each patient who survived to ICU discharge was denned as a control patient. The PAF was calculated after adjustment for confounders by use of conditional logistic regression analysis.
Among 8,068 ICU patients, a total of 1,725 deceased patients were successfully matched with 1,725 control Patients. The adjusted PAF due to ICU-acquired NI for patients who died before ICU discharge was 14.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 14.4%—14.8%). Stratified by the type of infection, the PAF was 6.1% (95% CI, 5.7%–6.5%) for pulmonary infection, 3.2% (95% CI, 2.8%–3.5%) for central venous catheter infection, 1.7% (95% CI, 0.9%–2.5%) for bloodstream infection, and 0.0% (95% CI, –0.4% to 0.4%) for urinary tract infection.
ICU-acquired NI had an important effect on mortality. However, the statistical association between ICU-acquired NI and mortality tended to be less pronounced in findings based on the PAF than in study findings based on estimates of relative risk. Therefore, the choice of methods does matter when the burden of NI needs to be assessed.
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