Understanding the structure and dynamics of the protein complexes that underlie cellular function is a central scientific challenge. Biochemical techniques used to identify such complexes would be enhanced by the imaging of specific molecular positions in the context of intact cells, with protein-scale resolution (on the order of a few nanometers). Currently, though, nanometer resolution can only be achieved at the cost of less-direct imaging of the unperturbed cell. Cellular ultrastructure is traditionally studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which yields nanometer resolution on embedded and stained sections, or cryo sections. These cellular samples are neither intact nor in their native liquid state. Light microscopy is used to image protein distributions in fluorescently labeled cells in liquid to investigate cellular function, but even recent improvements in resolution by nanoscopy techniques are still insufficient to resolve the individual constituents of protein complexes. Thus, development of techniques capable of high-resolution imaging in native cellular states would contribute significantly to our understanding of cellular function at the molecular level. The development of liquid compartments that include electron-transparent silicon nitride membrane windows has led to the introduction of a novel concept to achieve nanometer resolution on tagged proteins in cells.