The people's Republic of China has been established for forty years. The sheep raising industries, the same as other industries has made tremendous developments and achievements since the Liberation in 1949. The population of sheep and goat has increased four times from 42.35 million in 1949 to 211.64 million heads in 1989. The breed characteristics have also changed greatly in appearance on the basis of large scale crossbreeding programmes. Grease wool yield has increased in China from 33,500 tons in 1950 to 254,000 tons in 1989 and other sheep and goat products have gained to a substantial extent. Meantime, the sheep and goat scientific and technological work and services have developed quickly over the same period.