MgO thin films have been deposited on SrTiO3 and LaA1O3 substrates using both off-axis rf magnetron sputtering and electron beam evaporation techniques. The effects of substrate material, temperature, film thickness, deposition rate, sputtering gas, and pressure on the quality of the MgO films produced have been studied. Films deposited on (100) SrTiO3 at temperatures > 300°C display only the (h00) reflections in their X-ray diffraction traces, with narrow X-ray rocking curve measurements indicating that these films are epitaxial. Epitaxy has been confirmed with grazing incidence diffraction. MgO films deposited on (100) LaAlO3 are crystalline, but have varying orientations depending on the film thickness. From scanning electron microscopy, MgO films on SrTiO3 substrates appear smooth and dense while those deposited on LaAlO3 substrates possess rougher surfaces. Surface morphologies have been analyzed using atomic force microscopy.