Complex plasmas are low-temperature plasmas containing micron-sized particles (microparticles) such as dust grains. These are present in astrophysical systems (comets, molecular clouds, et al.) and in technological applications (microchip production by plasma etching, deposition of solar cells, et al.). Complex plasmas are also of interest in basic science because these are often used as models for many other strongly coupled many-body systems in solid state, fluid, or plasma physics. Since gravity has a strong influence on the microparticle component, experiments under microgravity (parabolic flights, sounding rockets, International Space Station (ISS)) are performed. Interaction between microparticles depends on plasma parameters such as ion density or ion temperature. Also, the presence of microparticles may change the properties of background plasma. Therefore, the background plasma needs to be characterized to provide adequate interpretation of the microgravity experiments. For this purpose a dedicated high-speed diagnostic system has been set up.