Single phase, (001) oriented SrBi2Ta2O9(SBT) thin films have been deposited on (100) MgO substrates using pulsed laser deposition(PLD) technique. In order to study the influence of the growth conditions on the microstructure and stoichiometry, SBT film growth was carried out under different deposition conditions, using an Kr:F excimer laser (248 nm, 30 ns FWHM). Effect of laser fluence(0.75–2 J/cm2), frequency of the laser pulse (4–10 Hz), substrate temperature (700–850°C), oxygen partial pressure(150–450 mTorr) have been studied using X-ray diff-raction(XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope(SEM), X-ray energy dispersive analysis (EDAX), atomic force microscopy(AFM). It was found that small variation in growth temperature and oxygen pressure has a large influence on the average grain size (50–180 nm) and surface roughness (0.14–0.3 nm) respectively. Outgrowths on the film surface were observed at high substrate temperatures, high laser energy and with higher frequencies (>6) of the laser pulse. Highly c-axis oriented SBT thin films with homogeneous surface morphology and with an average surface roughness of 0.14 nm were deposited at 750 °C, 260 mTorr O2 pressure and 1.25 J/cm2 laser fluence. These films have a tangent loss around 0.05 and dielectric constant around 417 with a tunability of 4% in the microwave frequency region (1–20 GHz).