The present report gives the results on the Hα line profile investigation of two the most well-known A0e Herbig stars of the so-called P Cyg -subgroup: AB Aur and HD 163296. 35 high-resolution CCD spectra (R ~ 50 000) of HD 163296 (ESO, CAT+CES, July 1991 and 1992) and 43 CCD spectra (R ~ 30 000) of AB Aur (Crimean Observatory, 2.6-meter telescope, January 1993) were obtained. A striking profile variability is discovered in both objects on the timescale from one our to a few days. The most dominant part of rapid variations (τ ~ hours) is the monotonous flux drift of different profile components. Positional shift of sharp spectral bumps, found in HD 163296 is probably connected with local inhomogeneities moving in the envelope. Shape variability of the absorption P Cyg -component of the Hα -line in AB Aur is suspected to be periodic with P = 35 or 70 hours. A model for a circumstellar envelope is proposed to explain the observed variability in this type of objects. It supposes the existence of an active non-stable region near the star, formed by equatorially concentrated stellar wind and an outer cool shell.