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The formation of the boron-induced reconstruction on Si(111) 7×7 surface has been studied with scanning tunneling microscope. By evaporating elemental B on Si elevated at high temperatures, reconstructed structures develop from the step edge to the adjacent lower terrace. They emerge at temperatures between 800°C and 900°C. It indicates that phase transition from 7×7 to 1×1 surface structure is necessary for forming the √3-B reconstructed structures. The phase boundary between 7×7 and regions is a straight line with termination of the faulted halves of 7×7 unit cell. It is also found that strip or triangle regions are formed, depending on the direction of the step propagation.
The nucleation and initial growth of titanium suicide on Si(111)7×7 surface has been studied using the scanning tunneling microscopy(STM) in ultrahigh vacuum. At room temperature Ti atoms react with Si atoms and preferentially adsorb on faulted half of the 7×7 surface. By annealing at 600°C, islandlike structures(amorphous titanium suicide) and striplike structures(crystalline titanium suicide) are formed. Annealing at 700°C drives the growth of striplike structures from islandlike structures. The striplike structures grow parallel to specific directions on the 7×7 surface.
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