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Sexuality is a crucial area of human life. A proper examination to assess and detect problems in this field, it seems imperative to intervene when transsexual patients. Therefore accurately known, the sexual practices of these patients, allows us to work directly on possible alterations in the functioning of sexual life during the therapeutic process.
Describe patterns of sexual behavior in patients diagnosed with transsexualism
Gender and Identity Disorder Unit (GIDU)
Selected by consecutive sampling, 200 transsexuals treated at GIDU Malaga, aged between 20 and 40 years and who agreed to participate in the study. Comprising 142 transgender male-to-woman (MtW) and 58 women-to-man (WtM).
Was conducted through a heterocompleted questionnaire that included questions about sexuality, personality traits and demographic characteristics. These were filled in the consultation and were anonymous.
11.6% of MtW transsexuals have never had sex. 26.8% of the MtW and 29% of WtM are more than 3 months without masturbating. 54.1% of the MtW avoid having sex due to the rejection of his genitals, lack of sexual desire and previous traumatic experience. Transgender respondents had secondary education, stable jobs and they were single.
It is vital that we explore the sex lives of transsexual patients. This information must be integrated in a systematic and rigorous evaluation process. According to the results presented, the hyposexuality would be the most significant feature that describes sexuality for this population.
The schizophrenic patients have a standardized mortality rate greater than expected for the rest of the population. The metabolic syndrome has high prevalence among them, that prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in schizophrenic patients and the sociodemographic, antropometric, clinical, and psychopharmacological variables which are related to it. We aimed to know the coronary risk and its relation with the metabolic syndrome.
Cross-sectional study. We include 136 patients, between 18 and 65 years old, admitted throughout the year 2004 in the Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrín with a schizophrenic diagnose and more than two years of evolution, validated through the SCID-I. Metabolic syndrome and coronary risk were defined according to the criteria of the NCEP-ATP III.
The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 36% (95% CI = 29.4 - 45.59). It is outstanding the high prevalence of abdominal obesity (78.7%) in women. We can't find any relation between the metabolic syndrome and the different studied variables. The coronary risk in the next 10 years is moderate in 52.3% and high in 2.9% of the cases. The increase in the risk associates with suffering the metabolic syndrome and taking antipsychotics.
The metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in schizophrenic patients and, therefore, the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of its components is an essential aim to reduce the cardiovascular risk of these subjects.
There is a shortage of psychiatrists worldwide. Within Europe, psychiatric trainees can move between countries, which increases the problem in some countries and alleviates it in others. However, little is known about the reasons psychiatric trainees move to another country.
Survey of psychiatric trainees in 33 European countries, exploring how frequently psychiatric trainees have migrated or want to migrate, their reasons to stay and leave the country, and the countries where they come from and where they move to. A 61-item self-report questionnaire was developed, covering questions about their demographics, experiences of short-term mobility (from 3 months up to 1 year), experiences of long-term migration (of more than 1 year) and their attitudes towards migration.
A total of 2281 psychiatric trainees in Europe participated in the survey, of which 72.0% have ‘ever’ considered to move to a different country in their future, 53.5% were considering it ‘now’, at the time of the survey, and 13.3% had already moved country. For these immigrant trainees, academic was the main reason they gave to move from their country of origin. For all trainees, the overall main reason for which they would leave was financial (34.4%), especially in those with lower (<500€) incomes (58.1%), whereas in those with higher (>2500€) incomes, personal reasons were paramount (44.5%).
A high number of psychiatric trainees considered moving to another country, and their motivation largely reflects the substantial salary differences. These findings suggest tackling financial conditions and academic opportunities.
TAOS II is a next-generation occultation survey with the goal of measuring the size distribution of the small end of the Kuiper Belt (objects with diameters 0.5–30 km). Such objects have magnitudes r > 30, and are thus undetectable by direct imaging. The project will operate three telescopes at San Pedro Mártir Observatory in Baja California, México. Each telescope will be equipped with a custom-built camera comprised of a focal-plane array of CMOS imagers. The cameras will be capable of reading out image data from 10,000 stars at a cadence of 20 Hz. The telescopes will monitor the same set of stars simultaneously to search for coincident occultation detections, thus minimising the false-positive rate. This talk described the project, and reported on the progress of the development of the survey infrastructure.
Aims were to assess the efficacy of metacognitive training (MCT) in people with a recent onset of psychosis in terms of symptoms as a primary outcome and metacognitive variables as a secondary outcome.
A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial was performed. A total of 126 patients were randomized to an MCT or a psycho-educational intervention with cognitive-behavioral elements. The sample was composed of people with a recent onset of psychosis, recruited from nine public centers in Spain. The treatment consisted of eight weekly sessions for both groups. Patients were assessed at three time-points: baseline, post-treatment, and at 6 months follow-up. The evaluator was blinded to the condition of the patient. Symptoms were assessed with the PANSS and metacognition was assessed with a battery of questionnaires of cognitive biases and social cognition.
Both MCT and psycho-educational groups had improved symptoms post-treatment and at follow-up, with greater improvements in the MCT group. The MCT group was superior to the psycho-educational group on the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS) total (p = 0.026) and self-certainty (p = 0.035) and dependence self-subscale of irrational beliefs, comparing baseline and post-treatment. Moreover, comparing baseline and follow-up, the MCT group was better than the psycho-educational group in self-reflectiveness on the BCIS (p = 0.047), total BCIS (p = 0.045), and intolerance to frustration (p = 0.014). Jumping to Conclusions (JTC) improved more in the MCT group than the psycho-educational group (p = 0.021). Regarding the comparison within each group, Theory of Mind (ToM), Personalizing Bias, and other subscales of irrational beliefs improved in the MCT group but not the psycho-educational group (p < 0.001–0.032).
MCT could be an effective psychological intervention for people with recent onset of psychosis in order to improve cognitive insight, JTC, and tolerance to frustration. It seems that MCT could be useful to improve symptoms, ToM, and personalizing bias.
We study the stellar content of three galactic bulges with the high resolution gratings (R=7000) of the WiFeS integral field unit in order to better understand their formation and evolution. In all cases we find that at least 50% of the stellar mass already existed 12 Gyrs ago, more than currently predicted by simulations. A younger component (age between ∼1 to ∼8 Gyrs) is also prominent and its present day distribution seems to be much more affected by morphological structures, especially bars, than the older one. This in-depth analysis supports the notion of increasing complexity in bulges which cannot be achieved by mergers alone, but requires a non-negligible contribution from secular evolution.
Efficient charge transport is key to the operation of the various devices based on organic semiconductors, such as OLEDs, OPVs and OFETs. Both academia and industry are investing heavily in the development of new organic materials and processing techniques to improve device performance. An important parameter to tweak is the mobility of charge carriers. Triggered by an experimental result, here we investigate whether this parameter can be probed indirectly using UV-VIS spectroscopy. This would simplify the process of characterization and optimization of the mobility in amorphous molecular films, for example.
The effect of stress on the deformation and crack nucleation and propagation mechanisms of a γ-TiAl intermetallic alloy (Ti-45Al-2Nb-2Mn (at.%) - 0.8v.%TiB2) was studied by means of in situ tensile (constant strain rate) and tensile-creep (constant load) experiments performed at 973 K inside a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The evolution of the microstructure and the nucleation and propagation of cracks was tracked during the high temperature mechanical tests in the SEM. Colony boundary crack nucleation was found to be activated during the secondary stage in creep tests at 300 MPa and 400 MPa and during the tertiary stage of the creep tests performed at higher stresses and at constant strain rate. Interlamellar ledges were only observed during the high stress tensile-creep tests (σ>400 MPa) and during the constant strain rate test. Quantitative measurements of the nature of the crack propagation path along secondary cracks and along the primary crack were carried out. It was found that colony boundaries were preferential sites for crack propagation under all the conditions investigated. The frequency of interlamellar cracking increased with increasing stress.
Some 10 years ago the IAU Executive Committee created a Working Group on Future Large Scale Facilities, but its activities have fallen somewhat into abeyance in the last few years. It has been decided to revive the group, and Roger Davies (Oxford) has agreed to chair it.