Introduction: Frail older adults experience an increased risk of a number of adverse health outcomes such as comorbidity, disability, dependency, institutionalization, falls, fractures, hospitalization, and mortality. Identification of frail adults is important. The objective of this study is to examine the association between frailty and use of health services (emergency, general practitioner, hospitalization) prior to and following a visit for a fracture in non-institutionalized seniors. Methods: This study is a population-based cohort build from the Quebec Integrated Chronic Disease Surveillance System, an innovative chronic disease surveillance system linking five health care administrative databases. Algorithms using data from this system are accurate and reliable for identifying fractures. The sample includes 179,734 seniors ≥ 65 years old, non-institutionalized in the year before the fracture. Their frailty status was measured using the elderly risk assessment index. Poisson regression models were used to compare use of health services (emergency, general practitioner, hospitalization) 1 year before and 1 year after a visit for a fracture (adjusting for age, sex, comorbidities, social deprivation, material deprivation and site of fracture). Results: Overall, preliminary results show that the use of health services increased significantly in the year following the fracture in frail non-institutionalized elderly vs the non-frail one (p < 0.05). Conclusion: This study suggests that frail seniors with a fracture require more health services after their incident fracture. Furthermore, using a frailty assessment index in health administrative databases can help identify seniors that are at high risk of needing more health services and, therefore, improve their care.