Vitamin D (vitD) deficiency has been suspected as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It has been reported that an inverse relationship exists between vitD status and risk of T2DM. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between vitD status and glycemic profile and other metabolic parameters among postmenopausal women with T2DM (living in Saudi Arabia). A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Fahad Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. One thirty six (n = 136) postmenopausal females (age ≥ 50 years) living in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia, with T2DM were randomly recruited in this study. Anthropometric measures, blood pressure readings and fasting blood samples were obtained fro all study participants. Several biochemical parameters were estimated in fasting serum samples including total 25(OH)D, HbA1c, insulin, glucose, c-peptide and lipid profile. Surrogate markers for insulin resistance were calculated using Homeostasis Model Assessment for insulin resistance and beta cell activity (HOMA-IR, HOMA-β), Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICK-I) and McAuley's index. VitD deficiency was defined as serum total 25(OH)D level below 20 ng/ml.The Mean (± SD) serum levels of total 25(OH)D were 13.8 ± 8.6 ng/ml with 79% of the study cohort being vitD deficient. Furthermore, serum total 25(OH)D levels were found to be inversely correlated with fasting insulin (r = -0.24, p = 0.029), HOMA-IR (r = -0.24, p = 0.03), and positively correlated with McAuley's index (r = 0.22, p = 0.048) and QUICK-I (r = 0.25, p = 0.024). In conclusion, vitD deficiency is highly prevalent among postmenopausal women with T2DM living in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. VitD was found to be associated with insulin resistance. Whether vitD supplements are able to improve insulin sensitivity and other parameters in T2DM postmenopausal women should be further investigated.