A serological survey of brucellosis in traditionally managed local domestic fowl was carried out using the microtitre serum agglutination test with Brucella abortus antigen. Sixty two of 172 domestic fowl sampled (30%) were positive. Because most traditionally managed animals are not segregated, this indicates a potential source of infection to other livestock. Most of the birds identified as positive had titres of 1:40. The public health importance of the disease is highlighted and control measures suggested.