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Protons and deuterons have been implanted in n+ GaAs:Si epilayers. Localized vibrational modes (LVM's) associated to H- and D-related defects are observed in the as-implanted samples and they account presumably for the carrier removal in the compensated region, but a small concentration of Si-H passivating centers is already present. LVM spectroscopy shows that after a 200° C annealing, passivation predominates over compensation while a 400° C annealing extends partial passivation throughout the layer.
We have studied by means of deep level transient spectroscopy and photocapacitance measurements deep electron traps in undoped Ga1−xAlxAs of n-type grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition with 0≤x≤ 0.3. A dominant deep electron trap is detected in the series of alloys. Its activation energy is found at EC-0.8 eV in GaAs and it increases with x. Its concentration is found nearly independent of x. For the first time we observed for this level in the Ga1−xAlxAs alloys, the photocapacitance quenching effect typical for the EL2 defect in GaAs thus confirming clearly that EL2 is also created in MOCVD Ga1−xAlxAs.
The surface modifications that occur on °-mercuric iodide surfaces during the fabrication process are crucial for the development of a low noise, high resolution X-ray spectrometer. In this study, we discuss the effects of surface treatments on the dark currents and the results are correlated with surface morphology studies that were carried out by the atomic force microscopy (AFM) technique.