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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of inferior and middle meatal antrostomies for treatment of a maxillary sinus fungus ball by functional endoscopic sinus surgery.
A retrospective analysis including 28 patients with non-invasive fungal maxillary sinusitis was performed. Fourteen patients underwent FESS with both middle and inferior meatal antrostomies (combined group). The remaining 14 patients were treated with FESS through only the middle meatal antrostomy (control group).
Post-operative computed tomography showed normal maxillary sinuses in all patients in the combined group. In contrast, in the control group, five patients (36 per cent) exhibited a normal maxillary sinus, seven (50 per cent) showed maxillary mucosal thickening and two (14 per cent) had persistent fungus balls in the maxillary sinus.
FESS with a combination of middle and inferior meatal antrostomies proved more effective for treating fungal maxillary sinusitis.
The present study investigates the indications for transnasal endoscopic surgery in treating post-operative maxillary cysts.
In this retrospective study, the records of 118 patients with post-operative maxillary cysts (88 unilateral and 30 bilateral) consisting of 148 procedures were reviewed.
A transnasal endoscopic approach was performed in 144 lesions (97.3 per cent). A combined endonasal endoscopic and canine fossa (external) approach was performed in 4 of 148 lesions, because the cysts were located distant from the nasal cavity and had a thick bony wall. A ventilation stent was placed in four patients (four cysts) to avoid post-operative meatal antrostomy stenosis. Recurrence was observed in five patients (4.2 per cent), all of whom subsequently underwent transnasal endoscopic revision surgery.
Transnasal endoscopic surgery is an effective treatment for post-operative maxillary cyst with the exception of cysts located distant from the nasal cavity.
Bone contouring is currently the best treatment for fibro-osseous lesions after bone growth arrest. Navigation systems available for this surgery allow intra-operative visualisation with improved cosmetic outcomes. However, conventional navigation systems using superficial skin registration cannot prevent subtle discrepancies.
To address this problem, we used a non-invasive cranial bone registration that uses patient-specific dental templates to maintain exact registration. We created the preset goal using the mirror image of the unaffected side for unilateral lesions, and using images obtained before the onset of symptoms for bilateral lesions. This system achieved precise pre-operative simulation. A sound aid in the navigation system provided information regarding proximity to critical structures and to the preset goal.
We used this system to contour fibro-osseous lesions in three patients. All patients achieved good facial contours and improvement in symptoms.
This method offers a safe, rapid surgical aid in treating orbital fibro-osseous lesions.
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