The AMIGA project (Analysis of the interstellar Medium of Isolated GAlaxies, http://amiga.iaa.es) has identified a significant sample of very isolated (Tcc(nearest-neighbor) ≈2-3Gyr) galaxies in the local Universe and revealed that they have different properties than galaxies in richer environments. Our analysis of a multiwavelength database includes quantification of degree of isolation, morphologies, as well as FIR and radio line/continuum properties.
Properties usually regarded as susceptible to interaction enhancement show lower averages in AMIGA–lower than any galaxy sample yet identified. We find lower MIR/FIR measures (Lisenfeld et al. 2007), low levels of radio continuum emission (Leon et al. 2008), no radioexcess above the radioFIR correlation (0%, Sabater et al.2008), a small number of AGN (22%, Sabater et al. 2012), and lower molecular gas content (Lisenfeld et al. 2011). The late-type spiral majority in our sample show very small bulge/total ratios (largely <0.1) and Sersic indices consistent with an absence of classical bulges (Durbala et al. 2008). They show redder g-r colors and lower color dispersion for AMIGA subtypes (Fernandez-Lorenzo et al. 2012) and show the narrowest (gaussian) distribution of HI profile asymmetries of any sample yet studied.
This work has been supported by Grant AYA2011-30491-C02-01 co-financed by MICINN and FEDER funds, and the Junta de Andalucia (Spain) grants P08-FQM-4205 and TIC-114.