Alpha-lactalbumin (α-la), a calcium metalloprotein, is one of the major serum-proteins in ruminant milk (Jenness, 1982) and induces lactose synthesis in the mammary gland by interacting with the enzyme UDP-galactosyltransferase, giving rise to the heterodimer enzyme lactose synthase (Ebner & Brodbeck, 1968; Kuhn, 1983). The goat α-la transcription unit (LALBA), located on chromosome 5 (Hayes et al. 1993), is organized in 4 exons varying in length from 75 nucleotides (3rd exon) to 329 nucleotides (4th exon) coding for a 123-amino acid polypeptide chain (Vilotte et al. 1991). According to the strong similarity between bovine α-la (Vilotte et al. 1987) and human lysozyme (similar molecular weight, the same number of S-S bonds, identical N and C terminal residues; Peters et al. 1989), it has been proposed that both genes arose from a common ancestor (Vilotte et al. 1991).