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Mass-loss via stellar-feedback driven outflows is predicted to play a critical role in the baryon cycle of low-mass galaxies. However, observational constraints on warm winds are limited as outflows are transient, intrinsically low-surface brightness events and, thus, difficult to detect. Here, we search for outflows in a sample of eleven nearby starburst dwarf galaxies which are strong candidates for outflows. Despite deep H? imaging on galaxies, only a fraction of the sample show evidence of winds. The spatial extent of all detected ionized gas is limited and would still be considered part of the ISM by simulations. These new observations indicate that the physical extent of warm phase outflows is modest and most of the mass will be recycled to the galaxy. The sample is part of the panchromatic STARBurst IRegular Dwarf Survey (STARBIRDS) designed to characterize the starburst phenomenon and its impact on the evolution of low-mass galaxies.
Results are presented from a deep imaging survey with the Spitzer Space Telescope which was designed to identify and measure the faint stellar populations around nearby galaxies. The Extended Disk Galaxy Exploration Science (EDGES) Survey includes a sample of 92 nearby galaxies with a range of morphological types and environments. The observations include a field-of-view of at least 5 times the optical size and are deep enough to detect stellar mass surface densities of several hundredths of a solar mass per square parsec. The observations reveal extended stellar features, such as stellar disks and stellar streams, around many of the target galaxies, as expected from hierarchical galaxy formation scenarios.
The results of a comparative study of star formation thresholds in gas-rich, low surface brightness, dwarf galaxies are presented. Approximately half the galaxies in the study were “high MH/LB” galaxies, which appear to have inefficient star formation properties. The comparison sample comprised of otherwise “normal” dwarf galaxies, with moderate current star formation rates. In all systems, sites of active star formation were associated with local peaks in the HI column density. For both types of galaxies, the azimuthally averaged gas column density is low. Similar to other LSB systems, the global gas densities are well below the critical threshold for star formation throughout the system. Thus, star formation is inhibited globally, but occurs locally in these gas-rich dwarf galaxies.
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