The relevance of the OECD and UN Model Conventions and their Commentaries for the interpretation of Slovenian tax treaties
Slovenia as a Member State of the EU and the OECD currently has fifty treaties,
forty-seven of which are in force, while three have been ratified but are not
yet effective. Among these are some that were already ratified and in use during
the period when Slovenia was a part of the Socialist Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia). Two of these are still effective, i.e. the treaties
with Cyprus and Sweden. The treaties can be divided into two major groups: the
old ones still in force adopted by the former Yugoslavia and those concluded in
the post-independence era, i.e. after 1991. The oldest ones in that sense are
the treaties with China and the Russian Federation (1995), followed by those
with Poland and Switzerland (1996).
Most of the treaties are in compliance with the OECD Model Tax Convention on
Income and on Capital (OECD Model) and the United Nations Model Double Taxation
Convention between Developed and Developing Countries (UN Model), but some
deviate in certain respects, as will be explained in this chapter.
Relevance of the Models and the respective Commentaries
The OECD and UN Models as well as their Commentaries are usually used together
with relevant sources in order to explain and interpret Slovenian tax
The tax treaties adopted by the former Yugoslavia followed the 1977 OECD Model.
After Slovenia’s independence, the 1992 OECDModel was followed. All new treaties
since then are concluded on the basis of the 1997 OECD Model.