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We study various measures of irrationality for hypersurfaces of large degree in projective space and other varieties. These include the least degree of a rational covering of projective space, and the minimal gonality of a covering family of curves. The theme is that positivity properties of canonical bundles lead to lower bounds on these invariants. In particular, we prove that if
is a very general smooth hypersurface of dimension
, then any dominant rational mapping
must have degree at least
. We also propose a number of open problems, and we show how our methods lead to simple new proofs of results of Ran and Beheshti–Eisenbud concerning varieties of multi-secant lines.
We study the cones of pseudoeffective and nef cycles of higher codimension on the self product of an elliptic curve with complex multiplication, and on the product of a very general abelian surface with itself. In both cases, we find for instance the existence of nef classes that are not pseudoeffective, answering in the negative a question raised by Grothendieck in correspondence with Mumford. We also discuss several problems and questions for further investigation.
We give a geometric description of the loci in the arc space defined by order of contact with a given subscheme, using the resolution of singularities. This induces an identification of the valuations defined by cylinders in the arc space with divisorial valuations. In particular, we recover the description of invariants coming from the resolution of singularities in terms of arcs and jets.
It is well known that the moduli space of stable rank 2 vector bundles on ℙ2 of the fixed topological type is an irreducible smooth variety (, and ). There are also many known results on the classification of stable rank 2 vector bundles on ℙ3 with “small” Chern classes.
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