The structural components and physical characteristics of sorghum kernels were studied as factors of resistance against Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv.) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.). Specifically, the effects of kernel glumes, weight, size and hardness on larval entry site, oviposition site, emergence site, progeny production, and kernel damage and weight loss, were investigated. The larvae of S. cerealella entered kernels primarily in the germ end and its periphery. Females of S. oryzae oviposited eggsmainly in the endosperm portion of kernels. Larval entry into kernels, and subsequent development of S. cerealella was enhanced in kernels that were enclosed by glumes. In addition, S. cerealella caused greater damage and weight loss in kernels with glumes. In contrast, kernels with glumes yielded less adult progeny of S. oryzae, and sustained less kernel damage and weight loss. The emergence holes of S. cerealella were located mainly in the crown end, whereas those of S. oryzae were mostly in the endosperm portion of kernels. The heavier and larger kernels produced heavier and larger adult progeny of both species of insect.