Sicklepod [Senna obtusifolia (L.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby], also known as Cassia obtusifolia (L.), is an annual, herbaceous, dicotyledonous plant in the Fabaceae (Leguminosae) family, which is commonly known as the bean, legume, and pea family. The Fabaceae consist of herbs, shrubs, vines, or trees; the family has a cosmopolitan distribution with members numbering approximately 751 genera and 19,500 species (Christenhusz and Byng 2016). Characteristics of the Fabaceae include alternate, stipulate, and compound leaves. Leaflets often have pulvini (i.e., cushion-like swellings at the base of leaves that are subject to changes in turgor pressure), which are responsible for growth-independent or “sleep” movements. Another interesting anatomical feature exhibited by many species in the family is the formation of parenchymatous root nodules that are generated in association with nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Zomlefer 1994). The ovary of the Fabaceae usually develops into a dehiscent legume (e.g., pod). Although some Fabaceae may be weedy pests, others are important food crops [e.g., soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and fodder and forage plants (e.g., alfalfa, Medicago sativa L.). Some members of the Fabaceae produce valuable gums [e.g., gum arabic, Acacia senegal (L.) Britton] and dyes (e.g., indigo, Indigofera tinctoria L.), whereas others are prized as desirable ornamentals (e.g., eastern redbud, Cercis canadensis L.). Many species in the Fabaceae produce alkaloids or cyanogenic glycosides in different plant structures. Rotenone, an isoflavone insecticide, is derived from Derris eclipta (Wall.) Benth.