To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
To determine the risk factors for Clostridium difficile–associated disease (CDAD) in a 25-bed rural hospital and to compare antimicrobial use ratios at the study hospital with those at a large academic medical center.
A 25-bed rural hospital in Iowa during the period from August 2002 through January 2005.
A total of 17 case patients with CDAD and 34 control patients matched for age (ie, within 10 years of the case patient's age), sex, and admission date (ie, within 2 weeks of the case patient's admission date).
Retrospective medical record review was performed to obtain data on antimicrobial exposures during the 6 weeks before hospital admission for both case and control patients. Exact conditional logistic regression was used for univariable and multivariable analyses. Antimicrobial use ratios were calculated to compare the rates of antimicrobial use for case and control patients at the study hospital with the rates for patients evaluated in a study of CDAD at a nearly 700-bed teaching hospital.
Case patients had a larger cumulative number of days of antimicrobial use (P = .004), and they received a larger total number of antimicrobial agents during hospitalization (P = .001). Antimicrobial use ratios were higher for both case and control patients at the smaller hospital, compared with the larger hospital.
CDAD at a small rural hospital was not associated with exposure to the antimicrobial classes that are typically associated with CDAD, but was instead related to the total number of antimicrobials used to treat patients. The rate of antimicrobial use for case and control patients was about 40% higher at the small rural hospital, compared with the corresponding rates at a large academic medical center.