A two-year-old boy with a background history of Down syndrome and partial atrioventricular septal defect presented with acute respiratory distress requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. He continued to deteriorate, despite ventilation; direct laryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, and computed tomography demonstrated severe long segment tracheal stenosis. He was placed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to stabilise his condition. A slide tracheoplasty and complete repair of the partial atrioventricular septal defect was successfully undertaken. His post-operative recovery was complicated by myocardial infarction and stroke but he made a full recovery. This represents the first report of slide tracheoplasty and partial atrioventricular septal defect repair in a child following extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support.