Thermal stability of TiSi2 on blank, high–dose BF2
+–, B+–, F+–, As+–, and P+–implanted silicon has been studied by both cross–sectional and plan–view transmission electron microscopy as well as by sheet resistance measurements. The surface morphology of TiSi2 was found to be significantly influenced by the implantation in silicon substrate.
Simultaneous presence of B and F was found to be most effective in stabilizing the TiSi2 thin films. Sheet resistance data were found to correlate well with the morphological and microstructural observation. The mechanisms for the stabilization of silicide films are discussed.